Turkmenistan known all around the world for its magnificent carpets that are weaved by the hands of Turkmen women. The work of carpet makers can compared to a heroic deed. If today's carpet making is a business of professionals, in the past everyone woman in Turkmenistan could weave carpets.
A carpet is a symbol of Turkmen people. The Turkmen carpets, whose prevailing color is dark red, woven from wool, cotton and silk at home. The legend says that the "covenants" left by Oguz Khan (a legendary ancestor of the Turkmen) to his sons incorporated in the “göl” (patterns) of a Turkmen carpet. In Turkmenistan where each tribe had its peculiar ornament, the carpet is so sacred, that even the national flag carpet ornaments on it. A real carpet a work of art in itself and is very expensive. In order to purchase them one should go to market or a specialized shop.
The art of Turkmen carpet making originated long time ago. The found ceramics remains dated the 4th - the 3rd centuries B.C. revealed that the ornament of this ancient ceramics was completely identical to the patterns of Turkmen carpets!
In the 3rd century B.C. Parthian carpets were extensively exported to ancient Europe and appreciated by Roman emperors. By the 13thcentury, there appeared written evidence about Turkmen carpets. The famous traveler Marko Polo who visited Minor Asia enthusiastically wrote about Turkmen carpets as being "the thinnest finest in the world".